Kombinasi Algoritma Backpropagation Neural Network dengan Gravitational Search Algorithm Dalam Meningkatkan Akurasi

 (*)Miftahul Falah Mail (Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, Indonesia)
 Dian Palupi Rini (Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, Indonesia)
 Iwan Pahendra (Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, Indonesia)

(*) Corresponding Author

Submitted: November 19, 2020; Published: January 22, 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30865/mib.v5i1.2597

Abstract

Predicting disease is usually done based on the experience and knowledge of the doctor. Diagnosis of such a disease is traditionally less effective. The development of medical diagnosis based on machine learning in terms of disease prediction provides a more accurate diagnosis than the traditional way. In terms of predicting disease can use artificial neural networks. The artificial neural network consists of various algorithms, one of which is the Backpropagation Algorithm. In this paper it is proposed that disease prediction systems use the Backpropagation algorithm. Backpropagation algorithms are often used in disease prediction, but the Backpropagation algorithm has a slight drawback that tends to take a long time in obtaining optimum accuracy values. Therefore, a combination of algorithms can overcome the shortcomings of the Backpropagation algorithm by using the success of the Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA) algorithm, which can overcome the slow convergence and local minimum problems contained in the Backpropagation algorithm. So the authors propose to combine the Backpropagation algorithm using the Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA) in hopes of improving accuracy results better than using only the Backpropagation algorithm. The results resulted in a higher level of accuracy with the same number of iterations than using Backpropagation only. Can be seen in the first trial of breast cancer data with parameters namely hidden layer 5, learning rate of 2 and iteration as much as 5000 resulting in accuracy of 99.3 % with error 0.7% on Backpropagation Algorithm, while in combination BP & GSA got accuracy of 99.68 % with error of 0.32%.

Keywords


Combination; Accuracy; Artificial Neural Networks; Backpropagation; Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA)

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