Analisis Data Mining Klasifikasi Berita Hoax COVID 19 Menggunakan Algoritma Naive Bayes

 Fani Prasetya (Universitas Bina Darma, Palembang, Indonesia)
 (*)Ferdiansyah Ferdiansyah Mail (Universitas Bina Darma, Palembang, Indonesia)

(*) Corresponding Author

Submitted: September 16, 2022; Published: September 30, 2022

Abstract

The rapid dissemination of information along with the rapid development of technology along with the massive speed of electronic media and the internet. But the rapid spread of news cannot guarantee that the information and news that we get can be validated from valid sources. Based on data released by Kominfo at the end of 2021, there were 1773 hoax news that were successfully clarified from the hoax news. Then during the Covid-19 pandemic itself, there were various hoaxes circulating in the community. Throughout 2021, the Ministry of Communications and Informatics discovered as many as 723 hoaxes about Covid-19. Based on the background above, the researchers and previous studies have discussed hoax detection in various fields. Such as, fraud detection in online writing style [1], classification of hoax news based on machine learning [3] and the application of nave Bayes and PSO algorithms for classification of hoax news on social media [4]. From here the researchers tried to carry out experiments on the nave Bayes classification algorithm to classify hoax covid 19 news. Based on the results of research that has been done, the nave Bayes model and cross validation can classify hoax news well, the resulting accuracy is 86.3% where 80-90% included in the good classification criteria. The data that is predicted to be incorrect is also not too much from a total of 300 datasets, only 41 are declared incorrect in labeling less than 2% of the total dataset, so it can be concluded that this model can be used as a reference if you want to proceed to a more complex prediction model, for example the model prediction using web-based machine learning.

Keywords


Covid-19; Classification; Hoax; Naive Bayes

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